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CBSE 12th Class Physics Syllabus

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CBSE 12th Class Physics Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
I Electrostatics 15
Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
II Current Electricity
Chapter 3 Current Electricity
III Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism 16
Chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
IV Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current
Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 7 Alternating Current
V Electromagnetic Waves 17
Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves
VI Optics
Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10 Wave Optics
VII Dual Nature of Matter 10
Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
VIII Atoms & Nuclei
Chapter 12 Atoms
Chapter 13 Nuclei
IX Electronic Devices 12
Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics
X Communication Systems
Chapter 15 Communication Systems
XI Practical Work 30
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit I: Electrostatics

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electric Charges −

    • Conservation of charge

    • Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges

    • Forces between multiple charges

    • Superposition principle

    • Continuous charge distribution

  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter-2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges

  • Equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field

  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor

  • Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit II: Current Electricity

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current

  • Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity

  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance

  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and EMF of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications

  • Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge

  • Potentiometer −

    • Principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells

    • Measurement of internal resistance of a cell

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field −

    • Oersted’s experiment

  • Biot &-8211; Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop

  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire

  • Straight and toroidal solenoids

  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields

  • Cyclotron

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field

  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere

  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment

  • Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron

  • Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis

  • Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field −

    • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid

    • Magnetic field lines

    • Earth’s magnetic field

    • Magnetic elements

  • Para-, dia- and ferro &-8211; magnetic substances, with examples

  • Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths

  • Permanent magnets

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

  • Electromagnetic induction −
    • Faraday’s laws
    • Induced EMF and current
    • Lenz’s Law
    • Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual induction.

Chapter 7: Alternating Current

  • Alternating currents −
    • Peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage
    • Reactance and impedance
    • LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)
    • LCR series circuit
    • Resonance
    • Power in AC circuits
    • Wattless current
  • AC generator and transformer

Unit V: Electromagnetic waves

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).

  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI: Optics

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

  • Ray Optics −

    • Reflection of light

    • Spherical mirrors

    • Mirror formula

    • Refraction of light

    • Total internal reflection and its applications

    • Optical fibres

    • Refraction at spherical surfaces

    • Lenses

    • Thin lens formula

    • Lensmaker’s formula

  • Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror

  • Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.

  • Scattering of light &-8211; blue colour of sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset

  • Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

  • Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen&-8217;s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts

  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen&-8217;s principle

  • Interference Young&-8217;s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes

  • Polarisation, plane polarised light Brewster&-8217;s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual nature of radiation

  • Photoelectric effect

  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations

  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light

  • Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation

  • Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

Unit VIII: Atoms & Nuclei

Chapter 12: Atoms

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of atom
  • Bohr model
  • Energy levels
  • Hydrogen spectrum

Chapter 13: Nuclei

  • Composition and size of −
    • Nucleus
    • Atomic masses
    • Isotopes
    • Isobars
    • Isotones
  • Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation −
    • Mass defect
    • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
    • Nuclear fission
    • Nuclear fusion

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

  • Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only)

  • Semiconductor diode &-8211; I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier

  • Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator

  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor and transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), basic idea of analog and digital signals, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

Unit X: Communication Systems

Chapter 15: Communication Systems

  • Elements of a communication system (block diagram only)

    • Bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data)

    • Bandwidth of transmission medium

  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, satellite communication

  • Need for modulation, amplitude modulation and frequency modulation, advantages of frequency modulation over amplitude modulation

  • Basic ideas about internet, mobile telephony and global positioning system (GPS).

Practical Work

  • Record of at least 15 Experiments to be performed by the students.
  • Record of at least 5 to be demonstrated by the teachers.
  • The Report of the project, to be carried out by the students.

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Course Structure

Part/Unit Topics Marks
Part A Contemporary World-Politics 50
Unit 1 Cold War Era 14
Unit 2 The End of bipolarity
Unit 3 US Hegemony in World Politics 16
Unit 4 Alternative centers of Power
Unit 5 Contemporary South Asia
Unit 6 International Organizations 10
Unit 7 Security in Contemporary World
Unit 8 Environment and Natural Resources 10
Unit 9 Globalisation
Part B Politics in India since Independence 50
Unit 10 Challenges of Nation-Building 16
Unit 11 Era of One-Party Dominance
Unit 12 Politics of Planned Development
Unit 13 India’s External Relations 6
Unit 14 Challenges to the Congress System 12
Unit 15 Crisis of the Democratic order
Unit 16 Rise of Popular Movements 16
Unit 17 Regional Aspirations
Unit 18 Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

Unit 1: Cold War Era

  • Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war
  • Arenas of the cold war
  • Challenges to Bipolarity −
    • Non Aligned Movement
    • Quest for new international economic order
  • India and the cold war

Unit 2: The End of Bipolarity

  • New entities in world politics −
    • Russia
    • Balkan states
    • Central Asian states
  • Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes
  • India&-8217;s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries

Unit 3: US Hegemony in World Politics

  • Growth of unilateralism −
    • Afghanistan
    • First Gulf War
    • Response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq
  • Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology
  • India&-8217;s renegotiation of its relationship with the USA

Unit 4: Alternative Centers of Power

  • Rise of China as an economic power in post-Maoera, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN

  • India&-8217;s changing relations with China

Unit 5: Contemporary South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era

  • Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal
  • Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka
  • Impact of economic globalization on the region
  • Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia
  • India&-8217;s relations with its neighbours

Unit 6: International Organizations

  • Restructuring and the future of the UN

  • India&-8217;s position in the restructured UN

  • Rise of new international actors −

    • New international economic organisations

    • NGOs

  • How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?

Unit 7: Security in Contemporary World

  • Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament
  • Non-traditional or human security −
    • Global poverty
    • Health
    • Education
  • Issues of human rights and migration

Unit 8: Environment and Natural Resources

  • Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms
  • Conflicts over traditional and common property resources
  • Rights of indigenous people
  • India&-8217;s stand in global environmental debates

Unit 9: Globalisation

  • Economic, cultural and political manifestations
  • Debates on the nature of consequences of globalization
  • Anti-globalisation movements
  • India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it

Part B: Politics in India since Independence

Unit 10: Challenges of Nation-Building

  • Nehru&-8217;s approach to nation-building
  • Legacy of partition −
    • Challenge of &-8216;refugee&-8217; resettlement
    • The kashmir problem
  • Organisation and reorganization of states −
    • Political conflicts over language

Unit 11: Era of One-Party Dominance

  • First three general elections −
    • Nature of Congress dominance at the national level
    • Uneven dominance at the state level
    • Coalitional nature of Congress
  • Major opposition parties

Unit 12: Politics of Planned Development

  • Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests

  • Famine and suspension of five year plans

  • Green revolution and its political fallouts

Unit 13: India&-8217;s External Relations

  • Nehru&-8217;s foreign policy
  • Sino-Indian war of 1962
  • Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971
  • India&-8217;s nuclear programme
  • Shifting alliance in world politics

Unit 14: Challenges to the Congress System

  • Political succession after Nehru
  • Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967
  • Congress split and reconstitution
  • Congress&-8217; victory in 1971 elections
  • Politics of &-8216;garibi hatao&-8217;

Unit 15: Crisis of the Democratic Order

  • Search for &-8216;committed&-8217; bureaucracy and judiciary
  • Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement
  • Emergency −
    • Context
    • Constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions
    • Resistance to emergency
  • 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party
  • Rise of civil liberties organisations

Unit 16: Popular Movements in India

  • Farmers&-8217; movements
  • Women&-8217;s movement
  • Environment and Development-affected people&-8217;s movements
  • Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath

Unit 17: Regional Aspirations

  • Rise of regional parties
  • Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984
  • The Kashmir situation
  • Challenges and responses in the North East

Unit 18: Recent Developments in Indian Politics

  • Participatory upsurge in1990s
  • Rise of the JD and the BJP
  • Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics
  • Coalition governments −
    • NDA (1998 &-8211; 2004)
    • UPA (2004 &-8211; 2014)
    • NDA (2014 onwards)

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CBSE 12th Class Psychology Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
Unit 1 Variations in Psychological Attributes 9
Unit 2 Self and Personality 10
Unit 3 Meeting Life Challenges 7
Unit 4 Psychological Disorders 10
Unit 5 Therapeutic Approaches 7
Unit 6 Attitude and Social Cognition 8
Unit 7 Social Influence and Group Processes 7
Unit 8 Psychology and Life 6
Unit 9 Developing Psychological Skills 6
Total 70

Course Syllabus

Unit I: Variations in Psychological Attributes

  • Introduction
  • Individual Differences in Human Functioning
  • Assessment of Psychological Attributes
  • Intelligence
  • Theories of Intelligence
  • Theory of Multiple Intelligences −
    • Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
    • Planning, Attention-arousal, and Simultaneous successive
    • Model of Intelligence
  • Individual Differences in Intelligence
  • Variations of Intelligence
  • Culture and Intelligence
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Special Abilities
    • Aptitude − Nature and Measurement
  • Creativity

Unit II: Self and Personality

  • Introduction
  • Self and Personality
  • Concept of Self
  • Cognitive and Behavioural Aspects of Self
    • Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Self-regulation
  • Culture and Self
  • Concept of Personality
  • Major Approaches to the Study of Personality −
    • Type Approaches
    • Trait Approaches
    • Psychodynamic Approach
    • Behavioural Approach
    • Cultural Approach
    • Humanistic Approach
  • Assessment of Personality
    • Self-report Measures
    • Projective Techniques
    • Behavioural Analysis

Unit III: Meeting Life Challenges

  • Introduction

  • Nature, Types and Sources of Stress

  • Effects of Stress on Psychological Functioning and Health

    • Stress and Health

    • General Adaptation Syndrome

    • Stress and Immune System

    • Lifestyle

  • Coping with Stress

    • Adaptation and Adjustments (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

    • Stress Management Techniques

  • Promoting Positive Health and Well-being

    • Life Skills

    • Human Strengths and Virtues from the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

Unit IV: Psychological Disorders

  • Introduction
  • Concepts of abnormality and psychological Disorders
  • Classification of Psychological Disorders
  • Factors Underlying Abnormal Behaviour
  • Major Psychological Disorders
    • Anxiety Disorders
    • Somatoform Disorders
    • Dissociative Disorders
    • Mood Disorders
    • Schizophrenic Disorders
    • Behavioural and Developmental Disorders
    • Substance-use Disorders

Unit V: Therapeutic Approaches

  • Nature and process of psychotherapy
    • Therapeutic relationship
  • Types of therapies
    • Psychodynamic Therapy
    • Behaviour Therapy
    • Cognitive Therapy
    • Humanistic-existential Therapy
    • Biomedical Therapy
    • Alternative Therapies
    • Zen (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)
    • Counselling (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)
  • Rehabilitation of the Mentally III

Unit-VI: Attitude and Social Cognition

  • Introduction
  • Explaining Social Behaviour
  • Nature and Components of Attitudes
  • Attitude Formation and Change
    • Attitude Formation
    • Attitude Change
    • Attitude-Behaviour Relationship
  • Prejudice and Discrimination
  • Strategies for Handling Prejudice
  • Social Cognition
  • Schemas and Stereotypes
  • Impression Formation and Explaining
  • Behaviour of Others through Attributions
    • Impression Formation
    • Attribution of Causality
  • Behaviour in the Presence of Others
  • Pro-social Behaviour
    • Factors Affecting Pro-social Behaviour

Unit-VII: Social Influence and Group Processes

  • Introduction
  • Nature and Formation of Groups
  • Type of Groups
  • Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
    • Social Loafing
    • Group Polarisation
  • Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
  • Cooperation and Competition
    • Determinants of Cooperation and Competition
  • Social Identity
  • Intergroup Conflict: Nature and Causes
  • Conflict Resolution Strategies

Unit-VIII: Psychology and Life

  • Introduction

  • Human-Environment Relationship

    • Different Views of the Human-Environment Relationship

  • Environmental Effects on Human Behaviour

    • Human Influence on the Environment

    • Noise

    • Pollution

    • Crowding

    • Natural Disasters

  • Promoting Pro-environmental Behaviour

  • Psychology and Social Concerns

    • Poverty and Discrimination

    • Aggression, Violence, and Peace

    • Mahatma Gandhi on Non-violence

    • Health

    • Impact of Television on Behaviour

    • Media and Human Values (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

    • Human Rights (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

    • Citizenship (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

    • Promotion of Peace (From the CBSE Supplementary Reading Material)

Unit-IX: Developing Psychological Skills

  • Introduction
  • Developing as an effective Psychologist
  • General Skills
    • Intellectual and Personal Skills; Sensitivity to Diversity
  • Observational Skills
  • Specific Skills
    • Communication Skills
    • Psychological Testing Skills
  • Interviewing Skills
  • Counselling Skills

Practical Work

  • Development of case profile −

    • Using appropriate methods like, interview, observation and psychological tests

  • Test administration −

    • Students are required to administer and interpret five tests.

  • In Practical examination, the student will be required to administer and interpret two psychological tests.

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Course Structure

Parts/Units Topics Marks
Part A Indian Society 32
Unit 1 Introducing Indian Society
Unit 2 Demographic Structure and Indian Society 6
Unit 3 Social Institution-Continuity and Change 6
Unit 4 Market as a Social Institution 6
Unit 5 Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion 6
Unit 6 Challenges of Cultural Diversity 8
Unit 7 Suggestions for Project Work
Part B Change and Development in Indian Society 48
Unit 8 Structural Change 6
Unit 9 Cultural Change 6
Unit 10 The Story of Democracy 6
Unit 11 Change and Development in Rural Society 6
Unit 12 Change and Development in Industrial Society 6
Unit 13 Globalization and Social Change 6
Unit 14 Mass Media and Communications 6
Unit 15 Social Movements 6
Part C Practical Work 20
Total (Part A + Part B + Part C) 100

Course Syllabus

Part A: Indian Society

Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  • Market as a Social Institution

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women’s Equality
  • The Protection of Religious Minorities
  • Caring for the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism, Casteism and Patriarchy
  • Role of the State in a Plural and Unequal Society
  • What We Share

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work

B. Change and Development in India

Unit 8: Structural Change

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9: Cultural Change

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws

Unit 10: The Story of Democracy

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Agrarian Society

Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Changes in the Class Structure

Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication Process

Unit 15: Social Movements

  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants

  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste

  • Responses

  • Women’s Movements in Independent India

  • Tribal Movements

  • Environmental Movements

Practical Work

  • Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)
    • Statement of the purpose
    • Methodology/Technique
    • Conclusion
  • Viva – based on the project work
  • Research design
    • Overall format
    • Research Question/Hypothesis
    • Choice of technique
    • Detailed procedure for implementation of technique
    • Limitations of the above technique

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CBSE 12th Class Home Science Syllabus

CBSE 12th Class Home Science Syllabus &-8211; this Article or News was published on this date:2019-05-14 03:49:34 kindly share it with friends if you find it helpful

CBSE 12th Class Home Science Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
I Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II) 30
II Nutrition for Self, Family and Community
III Money Management and Consumer Education 35
IV Apparel: Designing, Selection and Case
V Community Development and Extension (Part II) 5
VI Career Option after Home Science Education
VII Practical Work 30
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit I: Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II)

Part A: Adolescence (Age group 12 to 18 years)

  • Growth & Development &-8211; Domains and principles

  • Meaning, characteristics and needs

  • Influences on identity formation

    • Biological and Physical changes-early and late matures. (Role of heredity and environment)

    • Social, culture and media

    • Emotional changes

    • Cognitive changes

  • Specific issues and concerns

    • Eating disorders-causes, consequences and management &-8211; Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia

    • Depression

    • Substance Abuse

    • Related to sex

    • Handling stress and peer pressure

Part B: Adulthood

  • Young & middle adulthood − Understanding and management of new responsibilities, carrier marriage and family

  • Late Adulthood/Old age −

    • Health and Wellness − physical, social, emotional, financial, recreational needs

    • Care for elderly (at home and outside &-8211; old age home)

    • Anger management

Unit II: Nutrition for Self, Family and Community

  • Meal Planning − Meaning and importance, principles and factors affecting meal planning; Nutritional needs, food preferences and modifications of diets in different age groups: infants, children, adolescence, adults, elderly and in special conditions: pregnancy and lactation (including traditional foods given in these conditions)

    • Use of basic food groups (ICMR) and serving size in meal planning

    • Factors influencing selection of food − culture, family food practices, media, peer group, availability of foods, purchasing power, individual preference & health

  • Food safety and quality −

    • Safe food handling (personal, storage, kitchen, cooking and serving)

    • Safety guards against food adulteration, definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India)

    • Common adulterants present in cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments

    • Effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods: kesari dal, metanil yellow, argemone seeds

    • Food standards (FPO, Agmark, ISI)

  • Therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to consistency, frequency, foodstuffs, nutrients and methods of cooking

  • Modification of diet according to common ailments − diarrhoea, fever, jaundice, hypertension, diabetes and constipation. Physiological changes, clinical symptoms, requirements and dietary requirements in each condition.

Unit III: Money Management and Consumer Education

  • Income Concept −

    • Family Income

    • Various sources of family income −

      • Money income

      • Real income (direct and indirect)

      • Psychic income

    • Supplementing family income-need and ways; need and procedure for maintaining household accounts (daily, weekly and monthly)

  • Savings and Investment −

    • Meaning and importance of savings.

    • Basis for selection of investment methods: risk, security, profit, tax saving.

    • Ways/methods of investment −

      • Bank schemes (saving, fixed, recurring);

      • Post Office schemes (savings, recurring deposit, monthly income scheme, National saving certificate, Senior citizen scheme);

      • Insurance schemes (whole life, mediclaim);

      • Public Provident Fund (PPF), Provident Fund (PF)

    • Consumer Protection and Education −

      • Meaning

      • problems faced by consumer

      • Consumer Protection Amendment Act (2011)

      • Consumer aids − labels, standardization marks, (ECO Mark, Hallmark, Wool mark, Silk mark), advertising, leaflets, and Consumer redressal forum, Internet

Unit IV: Apparel: Designing, Selection and Care

  • Application of elements of art and principles of design in designing apparel

  • Selection and purchase of fabrics −

    • Purpose

    • Cost

    • Season

    • Quality

    • Durability

    • ease of maintenance

    • Comfort

  • Selection of apparel &-8211; factors influencing selection of apparel −

    • Age

    • Size

    • Climate

    • Occupation

    • Figure

    • Occasion

    • Fashion

    • Drape cost

    • Workmanship

  • Care and maintenance of clothes −

    • Cleansing agents − soaps and detergents (basic differences and their utility)

    • General principles of stain removal, stain removal of tea, coffee, lipstick, ball pen, Grease, Curry and Blood

  • Storage of clothes

Unit V: Community Development and Extension (Part II)

  • Water safety −

    • Safe drinking water-importance of potable water for good health, and its qualities, simple methods of making water safe for drinking

    • Boiling, filtering (traditional and modern technology), use of alum, chlorine

  • Salient features of income generating schemes

    • DWCRA (Development of Women and Children in Rural Area)

    • MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005)

Unit VI: Career Options after Home Science Education

  • Career options of self and wage employment of various fields of Home Science

Practical Work

1. Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II)

Activities −

  • Identify the problems of adjustment of adolescents with the help of a tool (group activity) and make a report.

  • Spend a day with an aged person and observe the needs and problems. Write a report.

  • List and discuss 4/5 areas of agreement and disagreement of self with −

    • Mother

    • Father

    • Siblings

    • Friends

    • Teacher

2. Nutrition for Self, Family and Community

Activities −

  • Record meal of a day for an individual and evaluate it against principles of balanced diet

  • Modify and prepare a dish for any one physiological condition −

    • Fever

    • Diarrhoea

    • Constipation

    • Jaundice

    • Hypertension

    • Diabetes

    • Pregnancy

    • Lactations

    • Old age

    • Infants

  • Identify food adulteration: visual and using methods −

    • Turmeric

    • Chana Dal

    • Bura Sugar

    • Milk

    • Tealeaves or Coriander

    • Black Paper Seeds

  • Prepare ORS Solution

3. Money Management and Consumer Education

  • Collect and fill savings account in Post Office and Bank

  • Fill up the forms: Withdrawal, Deposit slips, cheque and paste in the file

  • Collect labels of any three products and compare them with mandatory requirements

  • Prepare one label each of any three household items bearing ISI, FPU, Agmark

4. Apparel: Designing, Selection and Care

  • Illustrate principles of design or elements of art on a paper or cloth and evaluate them

  • Removal of different types of stains −

    • Tea

    • Coffee

    • Curry

    • Grease

    • Blood

    • Lipstick

    • Ball pen

  • Examine and evaluate readymade garments for their workmanship

  • Make sample of Hemming, Backstitch, Interlocking, and Press buttons hooks and eye

5. Community Development and Extension

  • Visit any two places (home/restaurant/school/business centre, etc.) and evaluate its water portability and hygiene

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